Common Eye Conditions

Common Eye Conditions

Below, a list of the most common eye conditions as well as the signs and symptoms and how the condition can be corrected.


This means the eye’s lens surface or cornea is oval like a rugby ball instead of spherical like a netball. This results in blurred vision at distance and near. Astigmatism can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses or surgery.


Also known at farsightedness.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Difficulty seeing up close
  • Blurred distance vision (occurs with higher amounts of hyperopia)
  • Eye fatigue when reading
  • Eye strain (headaches, pulling sensation, burning)
  • Crossed eyes in children

Glasses or contact lenses are required.

Vêrsiendheid = Jy sien beter vêr as naby


Also known as nearsightedness.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Blurry distance vision
  • Vision seems clearer when squinting
  • Children having trouble seeing on the board
  • Difficulty with driving, especially at night

Can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses or surgery.

Bysiende = Jy sien beter hier by jou as vêr


At about the age of 40, the eye’s lens becomes less flexible and accommodation (ability to focus near) is gradually lost. It’s a normal process that everyone eventually experiences.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Difficulty seeing clearly for close work
  • Print seems to have less contrast
  • Brighter, more direct light required for reading
  • Reading material must be held further away to see (for some)
  • Fatigue and eyestrain when reading

Can be corrected with glasses (reading, bifocal or Multifocal lenses) or contact lenses.

Wanneer dit vir jou begin voel of jou “arms te kort raak”