Common Eye Conditions

Common Eye Conditions

Below, a list of the most common eye conditions as well as the signs and symptoms and how the condition can be corrected.

Astigmatism:

This means the eye’s lens surface or cornea is oval like a rugby ball instead of spherical like a netball. This results in blurred vision at distance and near. Astigmatism can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses or surgery.

Hyperopia:

Also known at farsightedness.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Difficulty seeing up close
  • Blurred distance vision (occurs with higher amounts of hyperopia)
  • Eye fatigue when reading
  • Eye strain (headaches, pulling sensation, burning)
  • Crossed eyes in children

Glasses or contact lenses are required.

Vêrsiendheid = Jy sien beter vêr as naby

Myopia:

Also known as nearsightedness.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Blurry distance vision
  • Vision seems clearer when squinting
  • Children having trouble seeing on the board
  • Difficulty with driving, especially at night

Can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses or surgery.

Bysiende = Jy sien beter hier by jou as vêr

Presbyopia:

At about the age of 40, the eye’s lens becomes less flexible and accommodation (ability to focus near) is gradually lost. It’s a normal process that everyone eventually experiences.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Difficulty seeing clearly for close work
  • Print seems to have less contrast
  • Brighter, more direct light required for reading
  • Reading material must be held further away to see (for some)
  • Fatigue and eyestrain when reading

Can be corrected with glasses (reading, bifocal or Multifocal lenses) or contact lenses.

Wanneer dit vir jou begin voel of jou “arms te kort raak”