General Eye Care
Periodic optometric examinations are an important part of routine preventative health care. Many eye and vision conditions present no obvious symptoms. Therefore, individuals are often unaware that a problem exists. Early diagnosis and treatment are important for maintaining good vision and when possible preventing permanent vision loss. Eye care plays an important role in detecting early stages of eye diseases.
Ons beveel aan dat alle kinders op ouderdomme 3 en 5 jaar oud moet kom vir ‘n oogondersoek. Vroeë diagnose en behandeling van visuele probleme is van uiterste belang vir die kind se ontwikkeling en vordering.
At Risk: Infants born prematurely, with low birth weight, or whose mother had rubella, venereal disease, AIDS related infection or a history of substance abuse or other medical problems during pregnancy are at a particularly high risk for the development of eye and vision problems. Also, the presence of high refractive error or a family history of eye disease, crossed eyes or congenital eye disorders places infants and children at risk.
Ons beveel aan dat alle skoolgaande kinders elke 2 jaar hulle oë moet laat toets. Indien daar ‘n familie geskiedenis van oogsiektes en oogkondisies is, dan jaarlikse ondersoeke. Kinders wat groei en ontwikkel se visie kan ook vinning verander.
BE SURE TO TELL YOUR OPTOMETRIST IF YOUR CHILD FREQUENTLY
- Looses their place while reading
- Avoids close work
- Holds reading material closer than normal
- Tends to rub their eyes
- Has headaches
- Turns or tilts head to use one eye only
- Makes frequent reversals when reading
- Omits or confuses small words when reading
- Consistently performs below potential
- Squints while looking at a distance object
- Moves closer to TV or schoolboard to see better
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS ASSOCIATED WITH PROLONGED COMPUTER USE
- Blurred near vision
- Difficulty focusing from close to far and back again
- Sore, irritated eyes
- Dry eyes
- Red eyes
- Eye fatigue
- Headaches that disappear after a period of rest
- Irritation and discomfort while wearing contact lenses
- Soreness and pain in the neck, shoulder and back
Volwassenes: 40 jaar en plus
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Adults, beginning in their early to mid-forties, can experience changes in their ability to see clearly at close distances. This normal aging change in the eye’s focusing ability will continue during the forties and fifties. In addition, increases in the incidence of eye health problems occur during these years. Therefore, periodic eye examinations are recommended.
Individuals age 61 and older have an increasing risk for the development of cataracts, glaucoma and macular degeneration and other sight threatening or visually disabling eye conditions as well as systemic health conditions. Therefore, annual eye examinations are recommended.
At Risk: Individuals diagnosed with diabetes or hypertension, or who have a family history of glaucoma or cataracts, and those taking systemic medications with ocular side effects or those with other health concerns or conditions.
DID YOU KNOW?
The effects of the sun’s UV radiation are cumulative. The longer your eyes are exposed to UV radiation, the greater the risk of developing conditions such as Cataracts, Retinal damage and eyelid skin cancers (Basal Cell Carcinoma). Therefore, you should wear quality sunglasses that offer good protection and a hat whenever you are outdoors in the sun.